Monday, November 10, 2014

2nd Nine Weeks Vocabulary

1. Perfect Square (Noun)-
The product of a rational number multiplied by itself.
Perfect squares are easy to do on paper, but I prefer using calculator.
Perfect Square

2. Square Root (Noun)-
A number that produces a specified quantity when multiplied by itself.
I started to learn about square roots in 5th grade, but I didn't actually have a chapter on how to do them until 7th grade.

3. Radical Sign- (Noun)-
The sign √, which indicates the square root of the number following (or a higher root indicated by a preceding superscript numeral).
Radical Drawing
We use radical signs for square roots in math, but I don't like writing the sign because it always looks like a weird checkmark.  

4. Rational Numbers (Noun)-
A number that can be expressed as an integer or the quotient of an integer divided by a nonzero.
I always get rational numbers and irrational numbers mixed up because they are spelled similar.

5. Irrational Numbers (Noun)-
A number that can be expressed as an infinite decimal with no set of consecutive digits repeating itself indefinitely and that cannot be expressed as the quotient of two integers.
Irrational numbers are decimals that do not repeat, and I learned that in math class not to long ago.

6. Contour Farming (Noun)-
The practice of tilling sloped land lines of consistant elevation in order to conserve rainwater and to reduce soil losses from surface erosion. 
Some farms use contour farming because they want to prevent tillage erostion. 

7. Chemical Erosion (Noun)- 
Changes the composition of rocks, often transforming them when water interacts with minerals to create various chemical reactions. 
Water can dissolve rock, and that is an example of chemical erosion. 

8. Erosion (Noun)-
The gradual destruction of something that is being eroded by wind, water, or other natural things. 
The grand canyon is made from erosion, and the Mount Hood Wilderness is from glaciers.  

9. Delta (Noun)-
A piece of land shaped like a triangle that is formed when a river splits into smaller rivers before it flows into an ocean.
The picture below is what I pictured a delta would look like, and a name of a delta is the Sacramento delta. 

10.Organic (Adjective)-
Obtained from living things.
Apples are organic because they are made from living things. 
Organic Drawing

11. Implicit (Adjective)-
Understood though not clearly or directly stated.
Implicit is another word for inferences, and that is the opposite of explicit.

12. Explicit (Adjective)-
Very clear and complete : Leaving no doubt.
The OAAs use explicit text in their tests, but sometimes we have to use inferences.  


13. Textual Features (Noun)-

The elements of a text that construct a specific message or meaning.
I see the most of textual features in reading and English class, and that includes the books or passages we read.

14. Analogy (Noun)-

A comparison of two things based on their being alike in some way.
Compare and contrast is analogy because comparing and contrasting is basically the definition of analogy.

15. Figurative (Adjective)-

Used with a meaning that is different from basic meaning and that expresses an idea in an interesting way by using language that describes something else.
Last year some of us couldn't get figurative language correct, but this year we are way better at figurative language.

16. Antics (Noun)- 
Foolish, outrageous, and amusing behavior. 
Youtube has a variety of antic video, but some videos are educational instead of amusing. 

17. Avowed (Adjective)- 
Admitted to or stated publicity. 
Avowed is used in weddings, but not all weddings share vows. 


18. Banter (Noun)- 
The playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks. 
Sibling usually banter all the time, but it can sometimes be a violent exchange instead of friendly. 

19. Bountiful (Adjective)- 
Large in quantity. 
Collections are bountiful because usually when you collect something you make large quantites of objects.
A large quantity of stars. 

 20. Congested (Adjective)- 
Blocked up with or too full of something, in particular. 
The traffic is very congested, and will move very slowly. 

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